UNIT 1 INDIVIDUAL PROJECT
PHIL201- Introduction to Philosophy
Kendra M Hutchins
November 10, 2012
Metaphysics is a vast subject to speak on. With that being said, you will have so many different opinions. Like myself I believe in a soul. I believe in God, sometimes when I go through bad situations, I may pray and ask, “Is my life determined by fate? Is what I am going through right now real?” Also, seeing that I believe in a soul, one might question how does the soul live outside the body? Or is there even a such thing as a soul? To me a soul is real, as far as if it lives outside the body I could not answer that question. Maybe once you pass away it lives outside the body. Some believe that a soul is only just ruling a human body. I believe it is just something we may never discover. It is mundane to ask yourself rhetorical questions. Every individual has asked themselves certain questions concerning spiritual believes. Some people are more religious than others. Some believe in a soul some may not. But we all find ourselves asking certain questions. For an example, “What is real? Is the physical World more or less real than the spiritual or psychological?” This is called Metaphysics. “In modern philosophical terminology, metaphysics refers to the studies of what cannot be reached through objective studies of material reality.” (http://www.pbs.org/faithandreason/gengloss/metaph-body.html) In my personal life I ask myself these questions when I am going through a tough situation. I often ask if we have free will to do what we want. According to David Hume, “the question of the nature of free will is the most contentious question of metaphysics. If this is correct, then figuring out what free will is will be no small task indeed. Minimally, to say that an agent has free will is to say that the agent has the capacity to choose his or her course of action.” (http://www.iep.utm.edu/freewill/). And I feel we have the free will to choose what we want to do in life, that is our free will. Epistemology is the area of philosophy that is concerned with knowledge. According to, http://www.philosophy-index.com/philosophy/epistemology.php, “The main concerns of epistemology are the definition of knowledge, the sources of knowledge (innate ideas, experience, etc.), the process of acquiring knowledge and the limits of knowledge. Epistemology considers that knowledge can be obtained through experience and/or reason.” Knowledge is a very important subject in our society. Everyone is constantly seeking it. But can never learn everything. Knowledge is the key to a lot. Without knowledge you are doomed in life. You have to have knowledge to obtain a degree. Without a degree and or experience, good luck with getting a job.
Just because you know something from direct reason or observation, does it make it true? Who is to say the knowledge you have about something is the truth? When a teacher teaches something, everyone in that class will observe and learn different. “Things of the world are known through reason and intuition, independently of experience. Reason, depending on the thinker, is inspired and informed by Forms, or by God, or by an innate sense. We understand mathematical truths by means of our reason alone. Rationalists don't deny that the senses provide reports of things; they deny that observation and experiment can lead to direct apprehension of truth.”( http://www.philosophicalsociety.com/epistemology.htm). Rationalizing and observing is how a lot of our things in America are figured out. Cures are figured out this way. Our society also runs on our faith and reason. Many people vote depending on their faith and believe. Our government is based off what faith and reasoning a person has. The neighborhood a person lives in is based off faith and reasoning sometimes. Because I am a certain religion I may choose to stay a different part of town than another person. This goes into speaking on the limits of...
References: Landauer, J. and Rowlands, J. Importance of Philosophy. Retrieved November 7, 2012 from http://www.importanceofphilosophy.com/Ethics_Main.html
Santayana: The Life of Reason; Scepticism and Animal Faith; Realms of Being. Retrieved November 8, 2012 from http://www.philosophicalsociety.com/epistemology.htm
Colin Temple. Epistemology. Retrieved November 9, 2012 from http://www.philosophy-index.com/philosophy/epistemology.php
Metaphysical. Retrieved November 10, 2012 from http://www.pbs.org/faithandreason/gengloss/metaph-body.html
Cline, A. What is Aesthetics? Aesthetics is the Philosophy of Art, Beauty, Perception. Retrieved November 25, 2012 from http://atheism.about.com/od/philosophybranches/p/Aesthetics.htm
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