Headrick begins to explain his approach to the European imperialism expansion during the 19th century in a manner in where he discusses that technological innovations were strong indicators that they played a crucial role in the upbringing of the movement. Creators, innovators, tinkers, and inventors where necessary tools in order for communities to thrive and survive. One visual example would be the expansion to the desert area that was once California, this was made possible by an invention that has changed the world completely, the air conditioner, to such a person born during this time we tend to overlook it for the fact that it's a common thing to have air conditioning anywhere and everywhere you go around the city. During this expansion in the 19 Century in rural Europe, people were changing new ideas were forming; money was to be made because of technology the industry was changing the way business was conducted. Technology also changed how warfare was conducted and it allowed for more expansion in unknown territory. Yes technology was not the only innovation happening at that time there was also the understanding and learning of medicine. This allowed Britain throughout time to step into China and Africa with hostility.
Technology is always changing we can see that on a daily basis in it being so that when a gadget comes out a few weeks later that gadget is already a thing of the past. Therefore it is pretty accurate to say that technology is always changing. One visible pointer of political control and little care for diplomacy was that of Britain expansion and formation of different colonies. Great Britain as it was known during colonial times had that mindset of expansion for the reason that they were secluded to a country surround geographically by water, practically making it an island. During this time Britain understood that the resources were valuable but also very limited to Britain's geographical extent therefore they begin colonizing into foreign areas as technology permitted. “As Britain begun to industrialize they brought into the technological category the use of the steamboats which allowed them to go up river into China and attack around the coastal region.” 1 As development in medical procedures and vaccinations grew as well, the place once considered "The White Man's Grave" was available to be explored and exploited for its resources after they found that quinine could be used for preventive measures as well as vaccination measures against the deadly disease malaria. “Quinine was a glorified discovery for the Europeans, because it opened its doors into the African country.”2 Warfare has always been a great promoter into setting the wheels in movement into the innovation and creation of newer technologies. European countries continue expansion into the exportation, and exploitation of resources was made possible by improvements on gunpowder technologies, and gun improvements. With advancement in both areas regions that were being explored held little to no opposition seeing that the weapons the Europeans carried where far superior than what the indigenous warriors carried. Guns and gunpowder were an oppressive means of taking over regions and resources as well as man power. In the United States during their colonial times, even the primitive technology of guerrilla warfare played a big role in the independence of the 13 colonies from the grip of King George III. Another invention, that even though now represents the enslavement of Africans slaves, was the cotton gin which helped the early Americas into the development and exportation of cotton-based products. This invention helped along the agricultural expansion as long as in the increment of slave plantations.
Many industrializing nations of the 19th century went along colonizing with the belief that they were civilizing inferior groups or people not yet civilized to their standard, giving them the rating of a third world country. In doing...
Bibliography: Headrick, Daniel R. The Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981. 221.
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