Instituto del Rosario
Profesorado “Gabriela Mistral”
Comparative and Superlative Degree
Profesora: Zulatto, María Ines.
Alumna: Vignetta, Yohana.
COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE DEGREE
One - syllable adjectives
Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative. One-Syllable Adjective
Note: If the one-syllable adjective ends with an e, just add –r for the comparative form and –st for the superlative form. One-Syllable Adjective with Final -e
Note: If the one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, we double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form; and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form. One-Syllable Adjective Ending with a Single Consonant with a Single Vowel before It Comparative Form
If the two-syllable adjective ends with –y, change the y to i and add –er for the comparative form. For the superlative form change the y to i and add –est.
Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with -y
Note: Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er and –est to form the comparative and superlative forms. Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with -er, -le, or -ow
Note: With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most. Two-Syllable Adjective
The most peaceful
The most careful
Adjectives with three or more syllables.
For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most. Adjective with Three or More Syllables
The most generous
The most important
There are few adjectives whose comparative and superlative forms are completely different words. Irregular Adjective
Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules
These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most. Two-Syllable Adjective
The most clever
The most gentle
The most friendly
The most quiet
The most simple
The usual comparative and superlative forms of the adjective old are older and oldest. However, the alternative forms elder and eldest are sometimes used. Elder and eldest are generally used to talk about the age of people, especially people within the same family, and are not used to talk about the age of things. Elder cannot occur in the predicative position after link verbs such as be, become, get, etc.
Than is used with comparatives.
E.g. John is better than Nick
John is a better lawyer than Nick
The is used with superlatives.
E.g. Tom is the best player
Tom is the best
Note: We do not use the with the superlative if there is a possessive. E.g. His strongest point is his ambition.
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