Comparative and superlative essay

Topics: Superlative, Comparative, Adverb Pages: 10 (1607 words) Published: October 10, 2013


Instituto del Rosario

Profesorado “Gabriela Mistral”

GRAMMAR III

Comparative and Superlative Degree

Profesora: Zulatto, María Ines.
Alumna: Vignetta, Yohana.

COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE DEGREE
Form
Adjectives
One - syllable adjectives
Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative. One-Syllable Adjective
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
Tall
Taller
The tallest
Old
Older
The oldest

Note: If the one-syllable adjective ends with an e, just add –r for the comparative form and –st for the superlative form. One-Syllable Adjective with Final -e
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
Large
Larger
The largest
Wise
Wiser
The wisest

Note: If the one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, we double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form; and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form. One-Syllable Adjective Ending with a Single Consonant with a Single Vowel before It Comparative Form

Superlative Form
Big
Bigger
The biggest
Thin
Thinner
The thinnest

Two-syllable adjectives
If the two-syllable adjective ends with –y, change the y to i and add –er for the comparative form. For the superlative form change the y to i and add –est.

Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with -y
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
Happy
Happier
The happiest
Angry
Angrier
The angriest

Note: Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er and –est to form the comparative and superlative forms. Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with -er, -le, or -ow
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
Narrow
Narrower
The narrowest
Gentle
Gentler
The gentlest

Note: With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most. Two-Syllable Adjective
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
Peaceful
More peaceful
The most peaceful
Careful
More careful
The most careful

Adjectives with three or more syllables.
For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most. Adjective with Three or More Syllables
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
Generous
More generous
The most generous
Important
More important
The most important

Irregular adjectives
There are few adjectives whose comparative and superlative forms are completely different words. Irregular Adjective
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
Good
Better
The best
Bad
Worse
The worst
Far
Farther
The farthest
Little
Less
The least
Many
More
The most

Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules
These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most. Two-Syllable Adjective
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
Clever
Cleverer
The cleverest
Clever
More clever
The most clever
Gentle
Gentler
The gentlest
Gentle
More gentle
The most gentle
Friendly
Friendlier
The friendliest
Friendly
Fore friendly
The most friendly
Quiet
Quieter
The quietest
Quiet
More quiet
The most quiet
Simple
Simpler
The simplest
Simple
More simple
The most simple

IMPORTANT
The usual comparative and superlative forms of the adjective old are older and oldest. However, the alternative forms elder and eldest are sometimes used. Elder and eldest are generally used to talk about the age of people, especially people within the same family, and are not used to talk about the age of things. Elder cannot occur in the predicative position after link verbs such as be, become, get, etc.

Than is used with comparatives.
E.g. John is better than Nick
John is a better lawyer than Nick

The is used with superlatives.
E.g. Tom is the best player
Tom is the best
Note: We do not use the with the superlative if there is a possessive. E.g. His strongest point is his ambition.

Adverbs
Form
One-syllable...
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