Speech to Inform
Speech to inform is an important part of a communication. As a public Speaker we serve as interpreters of information and are called on to assemble, package and present information to other human being to turn information into knowledge.
Types of informative Speeches
a.)Explanation or Lectures
A speech of explanation doesn’t just offer a dictionary definition. Rather, explanations define concepts or processes in ways that make them relevant to the listeners.
Lectures, which usually involve more extended explanations and definitions, also increase an audience’s understanding of a particular field of knowledge or activity. For instance, a business executive might define “ lean marketing” and go on to show how it can make the company work better; a historian might tell a group of students what socio-cultural forces converged to create American revolution.
Throughout your life, you have heard classroom instructions, seen job demonstrations, and read instructions for the performance of special tasks. Not only have you gone through many “tell” sessions but you have also had people “show” you how to execute actions- how to sort various kinds of paper for recycling, how to manage a counter at a fast food shop, how to set corner posts for a picket fence. Generally, demonstrations explain processes or both explain and illustrate those processes. Demonstrations involve the serial presentation of information, usually in steps or phases. They require clarity because your listeners are expected to learn or reproduce these steps themselves.
An oral report is a speech that arranges and interprets information gathered in response to request made by a group. Academic reports, committee reports, and executive reports are examples of oral reports.
Essential Qualities of Informative Speeches
Your goal as an informative speaker is to make it easy for your listeners to retain new information. There are five things you can do to ensure that your listeners remember what you say. You should strive for clarity; associate new ideas with familiar ones, package or cluster ideas, construct strong visualization, and provide motivation appeal.
a.)Striving for Clarity
Informative speeches achieve maximum clarity when listeners can follow and understand what the speaker is saying. Clarity is largely the result of two factors: effective organization and the careful selection of words.
b.)Associating New Ideas with familiar Ones
Audience grasp new facts and ideas more readily when they can associate them with what they already know. In a speech to inform, try to connect the new with the old. To do this, you need to know enough about your audience to choose relevant experiences, images, analogies, and metaphors, to use in your speech.
You can help listeners make sense of your speech by providing them with a well-organized package of tightly clustered ideas.
d.)Constructing Relevant Visualizations
As we have been emphasizing, relevance is a key to speechmaking success. Using visualizations-recreations of events that people can “see” can be a powerful technique for engaging listeners; if they can be made to see a process or event, they perhaps can be induced to project themselves mentally into it.
e.)Motivating Your Audience
Finally, and perhaps most important, you must be able to motivate your audience to listen. Unfortunately, many people ignore this essential feature of good informative speeches. Many of us assume that because we are interested in something, our audience also will want to hear about it. Choosing your topic:
Choosing a topic
It is generally up to you because most instructors assign specific subjects. Avoid being overwhelmed at the open-endedness of your assignment by examining five areas; the need or significance to discuss possible topics, your personal interests and...
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